Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? On June 28, 1919, on the outskirts of Paris, European dignitaries crowded into the Palace of Versailles to sign one of history’s most hated treaties. Versailles (French pronunciation: [vɛʁsɑj] (listen)) is a city in the Yvelines département in the Île-de-France region, renowned worldwide for the Château de Versailles and the gardens of Versailles, designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites. 1. a city in north central France near Paris; site of the Palace of Versailles that was built by Louis XIV in the 17th century 2. a palace built in the 17th century for Louis XIV southwest of Paris near the city of Versailles Familiarity information: VERSAILLES used as a noun is rare. Protestant Reformation and Catholic Counter-Reformation Château de Versailles Google Classroom Facebook Twitter November 11, 1918 Before it was the site of golden gates and manicured gardens, the Versailles estate was first a humble hunting ground. When the château was built, Versailles was a country village; today, however, it is a suburb of Paris, some 20 kilometres southwest of the French capital. The court of Versailles was the centre of political power in France from 1682, when Louis XIV moved from Paris, until the royal family was forced to return to the capital in October 1789 after the beginning of the French Revolution. Definition of Versailles in the Definitions.net dictionary. Under the guidance of Louis XIV (reigned 1643–1715), the residence was transformed (1661–1710) into an immense and extravagant complex surrounded by stylized French and English gardens. king of France from 1643 to 1715, his long reign was marked by the expansion of French influence in Europe and by the magnificence of his court and the Palace of Versailles King Charles I Reigned for 11 years he caused a civil war in England that would ultimately claim his own life it was caused by his dismissal of the English Parliament in 1629 Dozens of marble busts, depicting Roman deities and emperors, adorn the facades overlooking the court, and the central buildings of the palace complex rise around it. Political successes are illustrated through the 30 painted compositions on the vaulted ceiling by Le Brun, which depict the glorious history of Louis XIV during the first 18 years of his reign, from 1661 to the peace treaties of Nijmegen. Perhaps the most-famous room in the palace is the Hall of Mirrors (1678–89). The Palace of Versailles was declared the official royal residence in 1682 and the official residence of the court of France on May 6, 1682, but it was abandoned after the death of Louis XIV in 1715. At the time, much of the land around Versailles was uncultivated, allowing wild animals to flourish.The chateau Louis XIII built was little more than a hunting lodge having enough space to house the king and a small entourage. The ceiling was painted by Antoine Coypel, 1708–09. In 1624 the king entrusted Jacques Lemercier with the construction of a château on the site. Beyond that lies the broad expanse of the Court of Honour, bounded on the north and south by the Ministers’ Wings, outbuildings constructed in the 1680s to house the king’s secretaries of state. Versailles is therefore famous not … It was his successor, Louis XIV (1638-1… Landscape artist André Le Nôtre created symmetrical French gardens that included ornate fountains with “magically” still water, expressing the power of humanity—and, specifically, the king—over nature. Louis XIII, the Sun King’s father, was at the forefront of establishing the royal base at Versailles, a forested marshland where the young King would go hunting alongside his father, Henry IV. It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, which led to the start of the world conflagration.. The Bull’s-Eye Salon, named for its distinctive oval window, was the anteroom where courtiers waited until the king rose. Gilded statues and reliefs border its marble walls. While many of the 6,000 paintings and 3,000 sculptures held by the museum are not available for public viewing, a portion of those holdings are on display throughout the palace. Reservationists: A group of Senators, led by Henry Cabot Lodge, who opposed the Treaty of Versailles to end WWI, unless specific changes were included What was the date of the armistice (war's end)? 2. It forced Germany to "accept the responsibility for causing all the loss and damage" of the war. The main terms of the Versailles Treaty were: (1) The surrender of all German colonies as League of Nations mandates. Information and translations of treaty of versailles in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. This article was most recently revised and updated by. In 1870 and 1871 Versailles was occupied as the headquarters of the German army besieging Paris, and William I of Prussia was crowned German emperor in the Hall of Mirrors on January 18, 1871. An angry bloc in the Senate of 12 to 18 "Irreconcilables" – mostly Republicans, but also representatives of the Irish and German Democrats – fiercely opposed the treaty. Palace of Versailles, former French royal residence and centre of government, now a national landmark. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Versailles / vərˈseɪlz / is a town in Johnson Township, Ripley County, in the U.S. state of Indiana. Initially constructed as a hunting lodge for King Louis XIII, the royal family's love for the estate saw the movement of the royal court from Paris to Versailles in 1682 by King Louis XIV, Louis XIII’s son. Crowning of King William I of Prussia as the German emperor, Versailles, France, 1871. The Hall of Mirrors designed by Jules Hardouin-Mansart, ceiling painted by Charles Le Brun; in the Palace of Versailles, France. The treaty gave some German territories to neighbouring countries and placed other German territories under international … The château was also damaged. The ground floor of the central building was reserved for key members of the royal family. What does Versailles mean? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Opéra Royal hosted the National Assembly from 1871 until the proclamation of the Third Republic in 1875, and the Senate met there from March 8, 1876, until the legislature returned to Paris in 1879. Flanking the Royal Court to the south is the Dufour Pavilion, while the Gabriel Pavilion lies to the north. Versailles, town and capital of Yvelines département, Île-de-France région, north-central France, 14 miles (22 km) southwest of Paris. However, land was given to the lords of the court, and new buildings sprang up, chiefly in the north quarter. Versailles - a city in north central France near Paris; site of the Palace of Versailles that was built by Louis XIV in the 17th century. With a 17-year schedule and a budget that topped €500 million, the plan was billed as the most-significant expansion of the palace facilities since the reign of Louis-Philippe. Every detail of its construction was intended to glorify the king. There Jules Hardouin-Mansart…, …Le Brun began working at Versailles within a few years of their success at Vaux, but the major expansion of the palace did not occur until after the end of the Queen’s War (1668). Definition and Summary of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles Summary and Definition: WW1 or the "Great War" officially ended the state of war between Germany and the Allies when the Treaty of Versailles was signed at the Palace of Versailles in France on June 28, 1919. It is located in the city of Versailles, Yvelines département, Île-de-France région, northern France, 10 miles (16 km) west-southwest of Paris. Treaty of Versailles The Treaty of Versailles was signed between the Allied Powers and Germany on June 28, 1919. The Royal Gate, an elaborate gold leaf gate, separates the Court of Honour from the Royal Court at the location where the Louis XIV statue once stood. 10/21/2020 Treaty of Versailles - Definition, Terms & WWI - HISTORY 1/5 The Treaty of Versailles, signed in June 1919 at the Palace of Versailles in Paris at the end of World War I, codified peace terms between the victorious Allies and Germany. Louis XIII built a hunting lodge there; made into a palace 17c. The treaty was extremely harsh on Germany. The chapel on the grounds of the Palace of Versailles, France, built on two levels, by Robert de Cotte, 1710. Tourists in the Royal Court at the Palace of Versailles, France. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It housed the two chambers of the parliament until 1879, and during that period Versailles was the official capital of France. Some art historians criticized the Royal Gate as a modern interpretation of the original rather than a true restoration, but it served an undeniably valuable role in directing visitor traffic. Versailles was seen as a glorious symbol of the absolute monarch, of France’s divinely ordained royal family, and of the state itself. When the king died on May 14, 1643, 4-year-old Louis inherited the crown of … It traces the military history of France from the reign of Clovis I to Napoleon. Dictionary entry overview: What does Versailles mean? The Treaty ended the state … It was signed on June 28, 1919, by the Allied and associated powers and by Germany in the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles and went into effect on January 10, 1920. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. It is located in the city of Versailles, Yvelines département, Île-de-France région, northern France, 10 miles (16 km) west-southwest of Paris. 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